Turkey
weather, climate and best time to visit


Turkey is a very diverse country. Here you will get to know interesting culture, enjoy wonderful beaches and be amazed by the diverse nature. In Turkey, every type of holidaymaker can enjoy themselves.

Discover the capital: Istanbul

In Istanbul alone you can experience enough for a wonderful vacation. The vibrant city offers a lot of culture, fun and entertainment. The Kapali Çarsi is the largest covered market in the world. Here you can stroll for hours between the many stores and stalls. Here you will certainly find a nice souvenir to take home.

A visit to the famous Hagia Sophia is also a must. This used to be a cathedral, later became a mosque and then a museum. Or visit the Blue Mosque. Then take a seat at one of the cozy terraces and enjoy a refreshing drink.

Relax on the Turkish Riviera

Are you looking for a great destination for a beach vacation? Then the Turkish Riviera is the place to be. This coastal area lies between Antalya and Alanya and offers everything you need for a relaxing vacation. Picturesque coastal towns, long beaches and lots of sunshine await you here.

Not sun vacations, but winter sports

Turkey is truly a diverse country. Where you can enjoy a sun vacation on the Turkish Riviera, the east of the country offers a perfect landscape for a winter sports vacation. The beautiful mountain landscapes are covered with a fine layer of snow in winter. The largest ski area in the country can be found in Palandöken.

Other special places

There is so much to discover in Turkey that we could never name it all here. Other special places are Cappadocia, Pamukkale, Ephesus, Nemrut Dagi and Konya.

A diverse country with a diverse climate

Depending on which part of Turkey you visit, you will have to deal with a different climate. In general, the weather in Turkey is hot and dry in the summer and the winters are fairly mild but wet. Therefore, Turkey is a very popular vacation destination especially in the summer.

But in winter there are also plenty of people enjoying mild temperatures on the Turkish Riviera. In the mountains in the east there is often a nice pack of snow in winter. Winter sports enthusiasts make grateful use of this.




Best time to visit Turkey

The best time to visit Turkey depends largely on what you want to see and do during your trip. In general, however, the best time to visit Turkey is between April and June, or between September and November. These shoulder seasons offer pleasant temperatures, beautiful weather, and fewer crowds, making them ideal for exploring the country.

In terms of temperature, the spring and fall months are usually the most pleasant, with average highs of 20-25 degrees Celsius. These temperatures are perfect for enjoying the many outdoor activities Turkey has to offer, such as hiking in the mountains, exploring ancient ruins, or soaking up the sun on the country's beautiful beaches.

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Regional differences in Turkey

There are some differences in the best time to visit Turkey, depending on the region of Turkey you plan to visit. If you plan to visit the coastal regions of Turkey, the best time to go is between April and June, when the weather is warm and sunny, and the water is still relatively cool. This is also a good time to visit the country's many islands, as crowds are smaller and prices are more affordable.

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For those who want to explore the country's rich history and culture, the autumn months of September and October are the best time to visit. During these months the weather is still pleasant, with average temperatures around 20 degrees Celsius, and the crowds are smaller, making it easier to explore the country's many museums, ancient ruins and other cultural attractions.

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In the table below you can quickly see the average weather by month in Turkey, the monthly temperatures or when the precipitation is the highest. Average monthly climate data is based on data from the past 30 years.

Climate South Turkey by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) 12 13 16 19 23 28 31 32 29 24 19 14
Water temperature (°C) 19 18 19 20 23 27 30 30 29 27 24 21
Precipitation (mm) 144 56 41 20 19 5 1 1 10 38 36 87

Weather data from: Antalya

Climate Southwest Turkey by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) 13 14 16 19 23 28 31 32 28 24 19 15
Water temperature (°C) 18 17 19 20 24 26 28 30 28 26 22 20
Precipitation (mm) 98 57 36 25 18 8 1 3 7 42 56 60

Weather data from: Marmaris

Climate West Turkey by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) 14 15 16 18 22 26 29 29 26 23 19 15
Water temperature (°C) 18 17 19 20 24 26 28 30 28 26 22 20
Precipitation (mm) 139 62 44 21 11 6 0 0 8 48 62 84

Weather data from: Bodrum

Climate North Turkey by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) 9 10 12 15 21 25 28 28 24 19 15 11
Water temperature (°C) 9 10 14 16 25 26 26 29 27 20 15 11
Precipitation (mm) 42 35 35 24 27 27 11 10 28 38 32 52

Weather data from: Istanbul

Travel and stay Turkey

If you are planning on visiting Turkey, check out these well-known travel agencies. They have been rated as the best by travelers and offer great prices for any budget.

Airline tickets

Looking to book a flight to Turkey? Hop on one of these airlines.

Climate Turkey

The climate of Turkey varies from area to area due to the country's location in the northern hemisphere. In general, the country's climate can be described as Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and warm, rainy winters. On the other hand, due to the country's vast size and varied geography, Turkey's climate can also be described as temperate continental, oceanic and semi-arid.

Turkey's climate is largely determined by its location at the crossroads of three of the world's major continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. This means that it is subject to the climatic effects of air masses originating from all three of these locations.

In addition, Turkey's landscape is very varied, with mountain ranges, high plains and coastal areas. As a result, the climate can vary greatly in different parts of the country, with some places having a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean and others a climate more akin to a continental climate.

Spring in Turkey

After the bitter cold of winter, Turkey has a transitional season into summer, when temperatures gradually become more pleasant. Spring temperatures typically range from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius each day, with the mercury gradually increasing as the season progresses.

Spring is also known for a high probability of precipitation, which typically ranges from mild to high amounts at this time of year throughout the country. This is especially true of the coastal areas of Turkey closest to the Mediterranean Sea.

Summer in Turkey

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Daily temperatures often range from 30 to 40 degrees Celsius during the summer in Turkey, the hottest season of the year. The heat can be oppressive, especially in those parts of the country that are more remote and where the climate is more continental.

Rain is infrequent in summer, and most of Turkey experiences little to no precipitation on average during this season. This is because weather patterns are mostly determined by the hot, dry air masses that originate in the deserts to the south.

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Fall in Turkey

After the scorching heat of summer, Turkey has another transitional season toward winter, when temperatures begin to drop. In autumn, temperatures usually range from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius, with a gradual downward trend in the thermometer as the season progresses.

In addition, the chance of rain is greater in autumn, and Turkey often receives moderate to significant amounts of precipitation at this time of year. This is especially true in the coastal areas of Turkey.

Winter in Turkey

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Inland Turkey, winter is the coldest season, with temperatures often below 0 degrees Celsius. This makes winter the coldest season in Turkey. Snowfall is also common in winter, especially in the highlands, where there is a more continental climate.

Rain is also more common in winter, and the country receives moderate to heavy rainfall at this time of year. Especially along the coastal region.

Regional variations in climate

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The weather in Turkey can vary quite a bit from place to place. For example, the coastal parts of Turkey have a Mediterranean climate, which consists of summers that are very hot and dry and winters that are somewhat hot and humid. This is because they are close to the ocean, which plays a role in maintaining a more constant temperature and an abundant supply of precipitation.

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In contrast, the climate in Turkey's inland districts is more continental, with cooler winters and warmer summers than in the coastal districts. This is because they are deeper inland, making them more sensitive to the waves of hot, dry air coming from the deserts to the south.


Click on a region of Turkey to view the climate:

Climate South Turkey (Antalya) by month

South Turkey has a semi-arid climate. It hardly rains here. The average annual temperature for South Turkey is 22° degrees and there is about 458 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 250 days a year with an average humidity of 61% and an UV-index of 5.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 12 13 16 19 23 28 31 32 29 24 19 14
Night temp. (°C) 8 9 10 13 16 21 24 24 21 18 13 10
Water temp. (°C) 19 18 19 20 23 27 30 30 29 27 24 21
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 144 56 41 20 19 5 1 1 10 38 36 87
Days with rain 15 11 11 8 8 3 2 - 4 8 7 13
Dry days 16 17 20 22 23 27 29 31 26 23 23 18
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 7 8 9 9 12 12 12 10 10 10 7 6
Wind force (Bft) 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
UV-index 3 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 6 5 4 3

Weather data from: Antalya

Climate Southwest Turkey (Marmaris) by month

Southwest Turkey has a semi-arid climate. It hardly rains here. The average annual temperature for Southwest Turkey is 22° degrees and there is about 410 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 247 days a year with an average humidity of 62% and an UV-index of 5.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 13 14 16 19 23 28 31 32 28 24 19 15
Night temp. (°C) 8 9 10 13 17 21 24 24 21 18 14 10
Water temp. (°C) 18 17 19 20 24 26 28 30 28 26 22 20
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 98 57 36 25 18 8 1 3 7 42 56 60
Days with rain 14 13 11 10 8 4 1 1 4 7 7 13
Dry days 17 15 20 20 23 26 30 30 26 24 23 18
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 8 8 9 9 11 12 11 10 10 10 8 6
Wind force (Bft) 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 3
UV-index 3 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 6 5 4 3

Weather data from: Marmaris

Climate West Turkey (Bodrum) by month

West Turkey has a semi-arid climate. It hardly rains here. The average annual temperature for West Turkey is 21° degrees and there is about 485 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 267 days a year with an average humidity of 67% and an UV-index of 5.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 14 15 16 18 22 26 29 29 26 23 19 15
Night temp. (°C) 11 12 13 15 19 22 25 25 23 20 16 13
Water temp. (°C) 18 17 19 20 24 26 28 30 28 26 22 20
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 139 62 44 21 11 6 0 0 8 48 62 84
Days with rain 15 12 10 9 5 3 1 - 3 7 7 13
Dry days 16 16 21 21 26 27 30 31 27 24 23 18
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 7 8 9 9 11 12 11 10 10 10 8 7
Wind force (Bft) 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4
UV-index 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 6 5 5 4

Weather data from: Bodrum

Climate North Turkey (Istanbul) by month

North Turkey has a semi-arid climate. It hardly rains here. The average annual temperature for North Turkey is 18° degrees and there is about 363 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 202 days a year with an average humidity of 72% and an UV-index of 4.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 9 10 12 15 21 25 28 28 24 19 15 11
Night temp. (°C) 5 6 7 10 15 19 22 23 20 16 12 8
Water temp. (°C) 9 10 14 16 25 26 26 29 27 20 15 11
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 42 35 35 24 27 27 11 10 28 38 32 52
Days with rain 12 12 14 13 11 8 7 4 10 13 11 13
Days with snow 4 2 1 - - - - - - - - 1
Dry days 15 14 16 17 20 22 24 27 20 18 19 17
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 5 6 7 8 11 12 12 10 9 8 6 5
Wind force (Bft) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 3
UV-index 2 2 4 4 5 6 7 6 5 4 3 2

Weather data from: Istanbul


Turkey weather by month

What is the average Turkey weather like in a given month? Let's find out! Click on a month to check all the monthly averages for sunshine, temperature highs and lows, percentage chance of rain per day, snowfall accumulation and number of rainy days.

Turkey weather

The weather for Turkey over the next 14 days will be -4°C till 5° with a couple of days chance of light rain showers.

The weather forecast for Turkey is based on the weather in Ankara.

5-day weather forecast Turkey

Weather
Max/min
Precip
Snow
Wind
Thursday
2 february
Icon
1°C
-7°C
0 mm
0 cm
6 m/s
Friday
3 february
Icon
2°C
-5°C
0 mm
0.1 cm
4 m/s
Saturday
4 february
Icon
0°C
-4°C
0 mm
1 cm
2 m/s
Sunday
5 february
Icon
1°C
-4°C
0 mm
0.8 cm
6 m/s
Monday
6 february
Icon
-2°C
-7°C
0 mm
0 cm
4 m/s

View the 14 day weather forecast for Turkey


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Frequently asked questions

Where is Turkey?

Turkey lies in a straight line about 4,006 km from India (New Delhi → Ankara).

How long is the flight to Turkey?

The flight time from Indira Gandhi to Turkey is approximately 6 h. 10 min.

Airline tickets

What are the largest airports in Turkey?

These are the largest airports in Turkey:

  • Istanbul Airport (IST) in Istanbul
  • Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (SAW) in Istanbul
  • Atatürk International Airport (ISL) in Istanbul
  • Esenboğa International Airport (ESB) in Ankara
  • Adnan Menderes International Airport (ADB) in Izmir
  • Bursa Yenişehir Airport (YEI) in Bursa
  • Adana Airport (ADA) in Adana
  • Gaziantep International Airport (GZT) in Gaziantep
  • Konya Airport (KYA) in Konya
  • Antalya International Airport (AYT) in Antalya

How many inhabitants does Turkey have?

Turkey has 80,810,525 inhabitants.

How big is Turkey?

The surface area of Turkey is 780,580 km². It is 4,5x smaller than India.

What is the capital of Turkey?

The capital of Turkey is Ankara.

What is the currency of Turkey?

In Turkey, the Turkish lira (TRY) is used for payment.

Exchange rates on 2 February 2023

  • 1 Indian rupee = 0.10 Turkish lira
  • 1 Turkish lira = 9.81 Indian rupee
  • 100 Indian rupee = 10.20 Turkish lira
  • 100 Turkish lira = 980.69 Indian rupee

What is the area code of Turkey?

The area code to call Turkey is +90.