12 to 32°C
3425 hours
sunshine per day
458 mm
275 days
90 days
0 days

Climate of Turkey

The climate of Turkey varies from area to area due to the country's location in the northern hemisphere. In general, the country's climate can be described as Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and warm, rainy winters. On the other hand, due to the country's vast size and varied geography, Turkey's climate can also be described as temperate continental, oceanic and semi-arid.

Climate averages for the whole year

  • Day: the average daily temperature during the day is between 12°C and 32°C
  • Night:the average nighttime temperature is between 8°C and 24°C
  • Sea temperature: the sea temperature is between 18°C and 30°C
  • Rain: it rains 90 days and there is a total of approximately 458 mm rainfall
  • Sun hours: throughout the year there are 3425 sun hours
Maximum temperature: between 12°C and 32°C
Warmest month: 32°C in August
Coldest month: 12°C in January
Night temperature: between 8°C and 24°C
Sea temperature: between 18°C and 30°C
Dry days: 275 days
Days with rain: 90 days
Days with snow: 0 days
Total rain sum: 458 mm
Hours of sunshine: 3425 hours

Turkey's climate is largely determined by its location at the crossroads of three of the world's major continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. This means that it is subject to the climatic effects of air masses originating from all three of these locations.

In addition, Turkey's landscape is very varied, with mountain ranges, high plains and coastal areas. As a result, the climate can vary greatly in different parts of the country, with some places having a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean and others a climate more akin to a continental climate.

Spring in Turkey

After the bitter cold of winter, Turkey has a transitional season into summer, when temperatures gradually become more pleasant. Spring temperatures typically range from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius each day, with the mercury gradually increasing as the season progresses.

Spring is also known for a high probability of precipitation, which typically ranges from mild to high amounts at this time of year throughout the country. This is especially true of the coastal areas of Turkey closest to the Mediterranean Sea.

Summer in Turkey


Daily temperatures often range from 30 to 40 degrees Celsius during the summer in Turkey, the hottest season of the year. The heat can be oppressive, especially in those parts of the country that are more remote and where the climate is more continental.

Rain is infrequent in summer, and most of Turkey experiences little to no precipitation on average during this season. This is because weather patterns are mostly determined by the hot, dry air masses that originate in the deserts to the south.

Fall in Turkey

After the scorching heat of summer, Turkey has another transitional season toward winter, when temperatures begin to drop. In autumn, temperatures usually range from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius, with a gradual downward trend in the thermometer as the season progresses.

In addition, the chance of rain is greater in autumn, and Turkey often receives moderate to significant amounts of precipitation at this time of year. This is especially true in the coastal areas of Turkey.

Winter in Turkey


Inland Turkey, winter is the coldest season, with temperatures often below 0 degrees Celsius. This makes winter the coldest season in Turkey. Snowfall is also common in winter, especially in the highlands, where there is a more continental climate.

Rain is also more common in winter, and the country receives moderate to heavy rainfall at this time of year. Especially along the coastal region.

Regional variations in climate


The weather in Turkey can vary quite a bit from place to place. For example, the coastal parts of Turkey have a Mediterranean climate, which consists of summers that are very hot and dry and winters that are somewhat hot and humid. This is because they are close to the ocean, which plays a role in maintaining a more constant temperature and an abundant supply of precipitation.

In contrast, the climate in Turkey's inland districts is more continental, with cooler winters and warmer summers than in the coastal districts. This is because they are deeper inland, making them more sensitive to the waves of hot, dry air coming from the deserts to the south.

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Temperature graph

This graph shows the average maximum temperature (red) and minimum temperature (blue) for Turkey.

Precipitation graph

This graph shows the average amount of rainfall per month for Turkey.

Climate table of Turkey

In this climate table you can see at a glance what the average weather per month is for Turkey. The data has been collected over a 30-year period, from which an average per month has been derived. From year to year the differences may be larger or smaller, but with this climate table you have a good idea of what the weather for Turkey might be like in a given month.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 12 13 16 19 23 28 31 32 29 24 19 14
Night temp. (°C) 8 9 10 13 16 21 24 24 21 18 13 10
Water temp. (°C) 19 18 19 20 23 27 30 30 29 27 24 21
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 144 56 41 20 19 5 1 1 10 38 36 87
Days with rain 15 11 11 8 8 3 2 - 4 8 7 13
Dry days 16 17 20 22 23 27 29 31 26 23 23 18
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 7 8 9 9 12 12 12 10 10 10 7 6
Wind force (Bft) 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
UV-index 3 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 6 5 4 3

Best time to visit Turkey

The best time to visit Turkey depends largely on what you want to see and do during your trip. In general, however, the best time to visit Turkey is between April and June, or between September and November. These shoulder seasons offer pleasant temperatures, beautiful weather, and fewer crowds, making them ideal for exploring the country.

In terms of temperature, the spring and fall months are usually the most pleasant, with average highs of 20-25 degrees Celsius. These temperatures are perfect for enjoying the many outdoor activities Turkey has to offer, such as hiking in the mountains, exploring ancient ruins, or soaking up the sun on the country's beautiful beaches.

Regional differences in Turkey

There are some differences in the best time to visit Turkey, depending on the region of Turkey you plan to visit. If you plan to visit the coastal regions of Turkey, the best time to go is between April and June, when the weather is warm and sunny, and the water is still relatively cool. This is also a good time to visit the country's many islands, as crowds are smaller and prices are more affordable.

For those who want to explore the country's rich history and culture, the autumn months of September and October are the best time to visit. During these months the weather is still pleasant, with average temperatures around 20 degrees Celsius, and the crowds are smaller, making it easier to explore the country's many museums, ancient ruins and other cultural attractions.

Climate of Turkey by month

What is the average climate in a given month for Turkey? Click on a month to see all monthly averages for sunshine, maximum and minimum temperatures, percent chance of rain per day, snowfall and number of rainy days.

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