21 to 26°C
3550 hours
sunshine per day
18 mm
344 days
21 days
0 days

Climate of Peru

Most people do not know that Peru actually has a wide variety of climates because of its diverse geography. Peru is divided into four major climate zones each with its own characteristics: the coastal zone, the highlands, the jungle and the rainforest.

Climate averages for the whole year

  • Day: the average daily temperature during the day is between 21°C and 26°C
  • Night:the average nighttime temperature is between 15°C and 22°C
  • Sea temperature: the sea temperature is between 17°C and 24°C
  • Rain: it rains 21 days and there is a total of approximately 18 mm rainfall
  • Sun hours: throughout the year there are 3550 sun hours
Maximum temperature: between 21°C and 26°C
Warmest month: 26°C in February
Coldest month: 21°C in July
Night temperature: between 15°C and 22°C
Sea temperature: between 17°C and 24°C
Dry days: 344 days
Days with rain: 21 days
Days with snow: 0 days
Total rain sum: 18 mm
Hours of sunshine: 3550 hours

The Peruvian coast

The western edge of Peru, bordering the Pacific Ocean, has a temperate climate. This region is characterized by cool winters and warm summers. The average temperature along the coast is 21 degrees Celsius. However, it is not uncommon for temperatures to drop below 15 degrees Celsius at night or rise above 30 degrees Celsius during the day.

The Peruvian Highlands

The Peruvian highlands are located in the central part of the country, east of the coast. This area includes the Andes Mountains and some lower elevations. The highlands have a temperate climate, with average temperatures of 10-15 degrees Celsius. Depending on the altitude, temperatures can drop to -10 degrees Celsius or rise to 20 degrees Celsius. This region has two distinct seasons: a dry season (from April to October) and a wet season (from November to March). Precipitation varies depending on altitude, but is generally lower than in the coastal region.

The Peruvian jungle

Peru's jungle region extends from the north to the south. This region is characterized by high temperatures and high humidity. The average temperature in the jungle is about 27 degrees Celsius. There is also a lot of rainfall in this region, averaging about 2,000 millimeters per year. However, precipitation can vary significantly from place to place within the jungle region. For example, while Iquitos receives an average of 3,000 millimeters of rain per year, Puerto Maldonado receives 1,500 millimeters.

The Amazon rainforest

Peru is home to much of the Amazon rainforest, located in the east of the country. It has a tropical climate, with very hot and humid weather throughout the year. Average temperatures in this area hover around 27 degrees Celsius. However, the high humidity often makes it feel much hotter. A lot of rain falls in the rainforest area, averaging about 3,000 millimeters per year.

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Temperature graph

This graph shows the average maximum temperature (red) and minimum temperature (blue) for Peru.

Precipitation graph

This graph shows the average amount of rainfall per month for Peru.

Climate table of Peru

In this climate table you can see at a glance what the average weather per month is for Peru. The data has been collected over a 30-year period, from which an average per month has been derived. From year to year the differences may be larger or smaller, but with this climate table you have a good idea of what the weather for Peru might be like in a given month.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 25 26 25 24 23 22 21 21 21 22 22 23
Night temp. (°C) 20 22 21 20 18 17 16 15 16 16 17 19
Water temp. (°C) 22 23 24 22 20 20 19 17 17 18 20 21
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 3 4 3 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Days with rain 3 5 6 3 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1
Dry days 28 23 25 27 30 30 30 31 29 31 30 30
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 10 9 9 9 7 7 8 10 11 12 12 12
Wind force (Bft) 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
UV-index 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6

Best time to visit Peru

Peru is a country that has much to offer tourists. From its Inca heritage to its beautiful nature, there is something for everyone in Peru. Every year, thousands of tourists from all over the world flock to Peru to see the ancient ruins, experience the vibrant nightlife and taste the delicious food. But when is the best time to visit the country?

In general, best time to visit Peru is during the dry season, which largely runs from May to October. June to August is high season for tourism, so expect crowds and higher prices during these months. If you want to avoid the crowds and still enjoy nice weather, consider visiting in April or November.

Peru's climate varies depending on the region you are in. The Amazon region is hot and humid year-round, while the Andes Mountains are colder and drier. The coastal areas, such as Lima, are usually sunny and dry.

Best time for Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

If you want to hike the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, keep in mind that it can only be done during the dry season (May-October). The trail closes each February for maintenance.

Best time to visit the Amazon

If you are planning to go to the Amazon rainforest, it is best to go during the rainy season (November-April). This may not sound like ideal weather, but it is actually the best time to see wildlife as they come out in search of food and water. Plus, the rainforest takes on a whole new level of beauty when it is covered in greenery. Do pack your raincoat and bug spray.

Climate of Peru by month

What is the average climate in a given month for Peru? Click on a month to see all monthly averages for sunshine, maximum and minimum temperatures, percent chance of rain per day, snowfall and number of rainy days.

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